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The Labor Market Experiences and Fortunes of Connecticut Working Age Adults 16-64 by Educational Attainment: Dire Straits for High School Dropouts

Prepared by: Andrew Sum, Ishwar Khatiwada, Joseph McLaughlin, with Sheila Palma, Center for Labor Market Studies, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts

Prepared for: Our Piece of the Pie, Hartford, Connecticut

October 2009



American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Summer Employment Implementation Survey Summary
In August 2009, the National Youth Employment Coalition (NYEC) conducted an online survey of members√?¬Ę?? experiences implementing Workforce Investment Act (WIA) youth activities funding authorized by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). NYEC also convened two conference calls on ARRA implementation, each featuring four NYEC members as panelists.
The Collapse of the Nation's Male Teen and Young Adult Labor Market, 2000-2009 - July 2009

The Collapse of the Nation's Male Teen and Young Adult Labor Market, 2000-2009: The Lost Generation of Young Male Workers, Andrew Sum, Joseph McLaughlin, Sheila Palma, Center for Labor Market Studies, Northeastern University.

The nation‚??s male teens (16-19) have experienced a massive depression in their labor market conditions since 2000. In the June 2009 Employment Situation, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the employment rate of the nation‚??s male teens had fallen to 27.6%, the lowest employment rate by far in the month of June at any time since 1948 (Chart 2). At no time in the country‚??s post-World War II history had the June employment rate of male teens ever fallen below 30% and at no time prior to June 2002 had the June employment rate of male teens fallen below 40%. In June of 2000, 46% of the nation‚??s male teens were employed as were 50% of those near the peak of the cyclical boom in June 1989 and 54% of those in June 1978 when federal job creation programs for teens under the CETA legislation, the Youth Employment and Demonstration Projects Act of 1977, and CETA public service employment programs were at their peak enrollment levels.6 The employment rate of male teens in June 2009 was barely one half as high as it was in June 1978 and close to 20 percentage points below its value in June 2000. This truly constitutes a labor market depression for male teens in the U.S.

Reconnecting Young Adults 18-24: A Report to the Washington State Legislature - Nov. 2008

The Washington State Legislature passed Senate Bill 6261 in 2008, which calls for the Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board to examine programs to help young people between 18 and 24 years of age be more successful in the workforce and make recommendations to improve policies and programs in Washington. Section 28 states:
     Conduct research into workforce development programs designed to reduce the high unemployment rate among young people between approximately eighteen and twenty-four years of age. In consultation with the operating agencies, the board shall advise the governor and legislature on policies and programs to alleviate the high unemployment rate among young people. The research shall include disaggregated demographic information and, to the extent possible, income data for adult youth. The research shall also include a comparison of the effectiveness of programs examined as part of the research conducted in this subsection in relation to the public investment made in these programs in reducing unemployment of young adults. The board shall report to the appropriate committees of the legislature by November 15, 2008, and every two years thereafter. Where possible, the data reported to the legislature should be reported in numbers and in percentages.

YO! Academy Progress Report: A Working Partnership

YO! Academy in Baltimore, MD released a report on its successes from 2006 through mid-year 2009. The findings include increased attendance rates and in increased participation rate in a variety of holistic services that include job readiness training and skills training as well as community service.

The Tax and Transfer Fiscal Impacts of Dropping Out of High School in Philadelphia City and Suburbs - January 2009
This report was developed to address the drop out crisis in Philadelphia and explores the economic prospects for youth who do not graduate from high school and the ripple effects for employers and the city. 1/30/09
Making the Right Turn: A Guide About Improving Transition Outcomes for Youth Involved in the Juvenile Corrections System - Jan. 2009

This Guide has been developed to assist professionals in the workforce development system in gaining a better understanding of the needs of youth involved, or at risk of being involved in the juvenile corrections system. The "workforce development system" includes all national, state, and local level organizations that plan and allocate resources (both public and private), and operate programs that assist individuals in obtaining education, training, and job placement, as well as assist employers with training and job recruitment. The types of organizations and array of settings making up the workforce development system are quite varied, and include programs operating in the community and in the juvenile corrections system, such as youth development programs, vocational rehabilitation programs, corrections-based career and technical education, diversion programs, high schools, colleges, after-school programs, and job training programs, including those offered through One-Stop Career Centers. - January 8, 2009

Pathways to Boosting the Earnings of Low-Income Students by Increasing Their Educational Attainment

Attaining a post-secondary credential has become increasingly important for securing opportunities to get high-return jobs in the United States in the 21st century. Students from low-income families are underrepresented at every milestone in the educational pipeline. That limits their ability to attain post-secondary credentials and break the intergenerational transmission of poverty. This study seeks to identify educational pathways to high-paying careers that may improve social mobility. We also assess the extent to which successful transit of these pathways is contingent upon students' educational preparation and performance. This study uses comprehensive data on the high school, postsecondary, and workforce experiences of every public school student in the state of Florida belonging to a cohort of 144,545 students in the 9th grade in 1996. Florida has one of the lowest high school graduation rates in the country, and thus faces particular challenges to increasing the educational attainment of its students.

Clean Energy Corps: Jobs, Service, and Equal Opportunity in America's Clean Energy Economy - Dec. 2008
Clean Energy Corps: Jobs, Service, and Equal Opportunity in America's Clean Energy Economy.  This report details a proposal for a national Clean Energy Corps (CEC). The CEC will be a combined service, training, and job creation effort to combat global warming, grow local nd regional economies and demonstrate the equity and employment promise of the clean energy economy. December 2008
The Historically Low Summer and Year Round 2008 Teen Employment Rate - September 2008

"The Historically Low Summer and Year Round 2008 Teen Employment Rate: The Case for An Immediate National Public Policy Response to Create Jobs for the Nation's Youth."  The weakening job market has continued to take a severe toll on employment opportunities of teens and young adults across the country. Earlier this spring, the Center for Labor Market Studies testified before the U.S. Congress that the summer job market for teens would be extremely weak and forecast a seasonally adjusted teen summer employment rate of only 34.2%, which would have marked a 60 year historical low teen employment rate. - September 15, 2008

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